Types Of Cybercrime And How To Fight Against Them (2024)
In the IT industry, cybercrime is becoming more and more commonplace. Any online activity involving personal information and assets requires you to be aware of the dangers associated with cybercrime. The different types of cybercrime are highlighted and explained, and protective measures are provided in this article.
3 Classes/Categories of Cybercrime
The list of cybercrimes is long and varied, but cybercrime falls into three main categories:
- Individual: Cyberstalking, identity theft, and child pornography are all examples of cybercrimes committed against a single person in this category.
- Assets/Property: Stealing data and intellectual property is one of the most profitable and widespread types of cybercrime as more corporate activity moves online. This can include phishing attempts that steal credit card numbers and personal information, complex spear-phishing operations that impersonate a company to request payments, or ransomware attacks that steal an organization’s files and demand payment in exchange for their recovery..
- National/Government: This type of cybercrime frequently involves state-sponsored attackers and cyber terrorists attacking the secrets and crucial infrastructure of another country. Misinformation and propaganda are disseminated, as well as blatant digital sabotage of vital infrastructure systems.
Types of Cybercrime
The types of cybercrime continue to grow and evolve as new channels of digital communication develop. Here are broad varieties:
- Web Phishing: Phishing is the “original” email scam, in which fraudsters send out emails to users promising prizes or threatening account suspension, for example, and then instructing them to click on a link or visit a website to resolve the issue. Users’ identities are stolen or their computers are infected with viruses instead of earning a prize or reactivating a frozen credit card. Despite all efforts to combat it, phishing continues to be the most common form of cyberattack. In recent years, phishing has taken on new forms, such as targeted spear phishing, smishing (text message phishing), and vishing (virtual phishing) (using voicemail).
- Identity/Privacy theft – entails the theft of personal information for fraud. Cybercriminals might use phishing scams to target individuals, or they can hack into business networks and acquire databases of sensitive data like credit cards or Social Security numbers. On the Dark Web, entire databases of data are for sale, and fraudsters buy them for their various schemes.
- Cyberstalking: This is the “analogue” crime’s digital development. A stalker in this scenario follows the victim online, gathers information from online sources, and communicates with her via digital channels, tormenting and threatening her. To stalk their victims, some cyberstalkers utilize spyware to get access to webcams and digital speakers.
Types Of Cybercrime And Protective Measures Against Them (2022)
Some cyberstalking turns into “sextortion,” a type of blackmail in which the criminal uses the victim’s images or videos to extract money or sex. The FBI has recently been increasingly concerned about this crime as a result of a recent increase in the number of young persons involved.
- Ransomware: Breaking into databases, extracting and destroying files, or encrypting them so the company they belong to can’t access them has become a highly profitable method for cybercriminals. The attackers then demand money — generally in Bitcoin — in exchange for the data being returned or unlocked. In 2021, this practice has turned into a true ransomware crime pandemic. Some groups have now raised the stakes by threatening to release sensitive or private information to get victims to pay up.
- Malware attacks: Harmful software comes in many varieties, all meant to penetrate a computer system and undertake unscrupulous activity on behalf of a cybercriminal. Ransomware is one type of malware attack, but malicious software comes in many varieties. Spyware, as the name implies, records user behaviour without their awareness, whilst keyloggers capture every keystroke they make on their keyboard. A hacker can utilize rootkits to gain control of a user’s device, such as a webcam. Malware infiltrates systems in a variety of ways: Trojans are disguised as benign software until they are downloaded, whilst worms make use of security flaws in existing software to crawl into the system without requiring a user to download.
- Denial of service (DoS): Attackers flood a service or computer network with requests in the typical DoS mode. This causes the website’s servers to become overburdened, leading them to crash and the site to go down. Another sort of cybercrime, distributed denial of service (DDoS), employs several attackers in different geographical regions to flood the network with traffic from various IP addresses, making it more difficult to defend against the attack.
Types Of Cybercrime And Protective Measures Against Them (2024)
- Webjacking and brand exploitation: Criminals who engage in webjacking do not steal something from a website; instead, they hijack the entire site, or the traffic intended for it. This is commonly accomplished by getting administrator access through deception and manipulating the Domain Name System (DNS) to redirect users to a malicious website. Web jacking differs from URL phishing, in which criminals develop a fake website that looks exactly like a legitimate one and drives victims to it via phishing emails. However, the result is the same: the website obtains passwords, credit card numbers, and other personal data.
How to Protect Your Data Against Cybercrimes
The types of cybercrime are constantly evolving so companies must remain alert. Yet, there are ways to protect against cybercrime:
- Monitor Your Email: Organizations must pay special attention to this channel because it is at the heart of many types of cybercrime. Employees must be trained to recognize and avoid strange emails, as well as report phishing efforts to their company’s security personnel. Some security software will scan emails for known phishing attacks and block suspicious attachments from reaching their intended recipient.
- Set Up Web-browsing Restrictions.: When accessing the internet, users must exercise caution to ensure that they are dealing with trustworthy websites before providing critical information. To assist in avoiding web jacking and URL phishing, businesses can teach their personnel to recognize these sorts of cybercrime. Browser security software can also prevent undesirable programs and malware from being installed on company computers, as well as block internet domains that are known to be used by hackers.
Types Of Cybercrime And Protective Measures Against Them (2024)
- Update Your Software Regularly: Keeping operating systems and antivirus software up to date is a basic cybersecurity best practice. Patches are released regularly by vendors to address software flaws and improve security against emerging threats.
- Deploy a VPN: When working remotely or in the cloud, virtual private networks (VPNs) provide an extra degree of security. To prevent outsiders from snooping on online traffic, these services encrypt data.
- Always Use Strong Passwords: Too many people reuse passwords that are easy to remember, such as birthdates and pet names, across many sites and apps. This facilitates the hacker’s task. A single hacked password can be used as a master key to gain access to a variety of websites. Cybersecurity begins with a complex password that is changed frequently and is only used on one website. READ HERE
In Summary, there is no problem without a solution. When it comes to cybercrime there will always be a way to protect yourself even as the IT world becomes more sophisticated. However, the fact that the list of cybercrimes continues to grow, defenders can match the bad guys’ tenacity by preventing cybercrime through large-scale services. Email protection, business continuity and data archiving, as well as personnel training, will allow businesses to keep running and recover from attacks while limiting their impact.